When we start talking about the science of Cyberpolitics, commonly conceived as “the Politics of the Cyberspace”, we usually go directly to the definitions of Politics and Cyberspace for then start discussing on the characteristics of new technological devices, their effects on society and the creation and management of cyberpower.

Yes. Cyberpolitics deals with all these topics, but there is one particular that we want to underline here, an observation that is missing in the introductory discourses about Cyberpolitics: there are three different roles of Politics in relation with Cyberspace.



1. Politics of the Cyberspace.

As cyberspace is a manmade phenomenon, its own nature has always a political side. Cyberspace was created as a new space of communication, saving time and money to transfer, stock, use, multiplicate information. The main questions to discuss about this first branch of Cyberpolitics are related with the structure of cyberspace:
What is cyberspace? (as a political domain)

Who decide its development? Why?
Who do control it and how / who decides who access / who makes the rules?
General framework to enable cyber activities – not a cyber society?
How is Cyberspace integrated with real life?
Delimitation/control domain. Ideologies. Geopolitics.

2. Politics within the Cyberspace.

Once we have defined Cyberspace and delimited its realm, the next step is to understand how Politics could be created inside its domains. This perspective is mostly based on the generation and management of cyberpower and the main questions are:
What is cyberpower?
How to structure an adequate defense and attack in the cyberspace?

How to manage hard power and soft power measures?
How to obtain and increase cyberpower? How to legitimize it?

3. Politics through the Cyberspace.

Cyberspace is used as a platform for obtaining real effects in society. Politicians use cyberspace in order to promote themselves, to communicate and viralize certain ideas in society and to show their attention and efforts to be near the people. The discussion here is about these issues:
How are peopleinfluenced by cyberspace in their own lifes?
How do politicians use cyberspace to achieve/increase politic image/power.
How to transform cyberpower into real politic power. E-gov, E-democracy.
Differences from real electorate and virtual electorate?
Visualization of power, how about the authority?

Analyzing Cyberpolitics into these three branches helps us to understand better the prolific dynamics and the multiplicity of actors and interests related with the cyberspace.




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